Report No. 12 of 2013 - Compliance Audit on Railways Finances, Union Government (Railway)

Date on which Report Tabled:
Tue 13 Aug, 2013
Date of sending the report to Government
Government Type
Union Department
Transport & Infrastructure


IR is a departmental commercial undertaking of the Government of India. It consists of 64,600 route kms* on which more than 19,710 trains ply, carrying about 23 million passengers and hauling nearly 2.67 million tonne of freight everyday. Policy formulation and overall control of the Railways is vested in Railway Board comprising of the Chairman, Financial Commissioner and other functional Members. The IR system is managed through 17 zones having 68 operating divisions. Apart from the zonal railways representing the operational part of the system, there are six production units engaged in manufacturing of rolling stock and other related items.

From 1 April 1950, a separate Railway Budget is being presented to the Parliament prior to presentation of the General Budget every year. Though the Railway Budget is presented to Parliament separately, the figures relating to the receipts and expenditure of IR are also shown in the General Budget, as Railway Budget forms part of the total budget of the Government of India.

Report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India-Union Government (Railways) for the year ended 31 March 2011 (Report No. 3 of 2012-13) highlighted that during 2010-11, the gross traffic receipts increased by 8.71 per cent over the previous year. However, total revenue receipts, increased by 8.35 per cent which was below the Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 10.53 per cent during the period 2006-10. The growth of freight earnings and passenger earnings were 7.42 per cent and 9.81 per cent respectively, which were below the CAGR achieved during 2006-10. Net surplus after meeting dividend liability was RS 1,404.89 crore in 2010-11. The Operating Ratio was almost static as compared to the previous year.

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