Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY), a flagship scheme of the Ministry of Rural Development has been providing assistance to BPL families who are either houseless or having inadequate housing facilities, for constructing a safe and durable shelter. This effort has been part of a larger strategy of the Government to provide shelter for all, taking cognizance of the fact that rural housing is one of the major anti-poverty measures for the marginalised sections of society. The house is recognised not merely as a shelter and a dwelling place but also an asset which supports livelihood and symbolises social position.
IAY was introduced in June 1985 as a sub-scheme of Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP) with the objective to help the poor in rural areas to construct/upgrade their dwelling units. The IAY was a part of Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) from April 1989 and implemented as an independent scheme from January 1996. The beneficiaries under the IAY are scheduled castes/scheduled tribes, freed bonded labourers, minorities in the Below Poverty Line (BPL) category and other below poverty line non-scheduled castes/scheduled tribes rural households, widows and next-of-kin to defence personnel/paramilitary forces killed in action residing in rural areas (irrespective of their income criteria), ex-serviceman and retired members of paramilitary forces fulfilling other conditions viz. the beneficiary should be houseless person or have kutcha house and residing in rural area.
We had reviewed the IAY along with other rural housing schemes of the Government of India between November 2001 and July 2002 covering the period April 1997 to March 2002 and audit findings were incorporated in C&AG's Report No. 3 of 2003. Since then, the expenditure on IAY has increased manifold. The Central share of IAY during 2008-09 to 2012-13 was 45,838 crore. With a view to review the progress in the IAY, we decided to take up the performance audit on the implementation of the IAY. This performance audit covered the period from April 2008 to March 2013 and was undertaken in 168 districts, 392 blocks under these districts and 2,960 gram panchayats under these blocks of 27 states and four union territories.